The term ‘adolescent and young people’ refers to the age group 12-24 years. In Australia, this group make up 18% of the total population, approximately 3.4 per cent of whom identify as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. Adolescence is a transitional period of great change. The majority of adolescent health problems are psychosocial, and many lifelong risky behaviours and lifestyle choices are established during this period e.g. smoking, alcohol use. GPs see approximately two million young people under the age of 25 each year. For these reasons, GPs are ideally placed to provide comprehensive care to adolescents, as well as early intervention and education for health risk behaviours. Managing adolescents in general practice is likely to be both unfamiliar and challenging to many GP registrars.