Professional and ethical practice is a fundamental component of quality general practice. Reflecting this, the professional and ethical role of the GP is identified as a core domain in the curricula of both the RACGP and ACRRM. The professional and ethical role embraces a wide range of areas: duty of care, boundaries, end-of-life care, professional standards, self-appraisal and self-care, teaching and mentorship, practicing within an ethical framework and life-long learning. Supervisors play an important role in instilling and nurturing professional and ethical values, attitudes and behaviours in their registrars. Fundamentally, these embrace the primacy of the duty of care to patients, the rights of patients to access competent, compassionate care, and the need to practice safely, effectively and ethically.