Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a debilitating and progressive long-term lung condition characterised by dyspnoea, cough and sputum production. It is estimated to affect around half a million Australians. While the condition is incurable and often complex to manage, it is possible to slow progression and prevent exacerbations with accurate diagnosis and appropriate stepwise care. GP registrars need to develop a planned, patient-centred and evidence-based approach for managing COPD.